Author Archives: scamper3

Data Doubles; The Good and The Bad

During one week in today’s world of technology, someone can rack up a rather lengthy data double. Though what do I mean by this data double. A data double is where a person can be traced or even watched by what they do an online. It is like leaving an online footprint. These footprints can be taken place and left in many different forms and ways. If you were to look back and trace your steps through your week to which you have left a digital trace, you would be surprised how much of your life is now based online and who difficult it is now to disappear. A one-week ‘snapshot’ of my data double would look something like the following; daily text messages, emails and phone calls, logging into Facebook, credit, debt and gas card purchases, signing into Netflix, 8tracks and YouTube, logging onto the school computers and myKwantlen, logging onto workplace computers and using a personal passcode to enter certain areas at work, taking pictures that have time stamps attached to them, using GPS or other various navigation devices, Google searches, and entering stores or other places that have a surveillance system.

With these data doubles popping up everywhere, it is still surprising that we still manage to have or find a little bit of privacy. It seems as though that the majority of our lives are now recorded on some sort of digital format whether we want it or not. These digital trails do have some importance or can come handy when dealing with a lost person case, theft, robbery, abuse and much more. These digital trails do help and bring awareness to cases where they would normally go unnoticed, either do to because the area is unsupervised or information and incidents can be hidden through bribery and money. Through these digital trails can helpful and important to make aware of incidents such as the one that happened in August when the CEO of the catering company Centerplate Desmond Hague was seen kicking a dog in an elevator in Downtown Vancouver (taken from CTV News). The video can be seen from Global News on their YouTube page (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oBU35daKYkw). It is incidents like this that we like to see our surveillance working and it is ending abuse and identifying the person who is doing it. However, lets flip the this idea as to how it is helpful to society to make people known for their crimes. How can all of these data doubles go against a person, what are they effects of being easily traced down.

With all of these trails that we are leaving behind about our lives, it is very easy to figure out where you were and perhaps were you are going. The issue with this is that since our lives are broadcasted over a digital system, it is almost impossible to hide from someone to whom you might be running away from. In order to completely disappear you would have to stop using all sorts of digital data to try to eliminate the possible threats that may come your way. These data doubles that people are leaving make it that much it easier for a unwanted person to find them, whether or not they are hiding from them or if they even know they are being watched.

However, when it comes to a person’s professional life, these data doubles can be crucial as to whether or not they will receive a job or not. The data doubles that usually pause a person’s progress in a certain career path is those found of social media pages and found surveillance tapes. What you post on your Facebook page or on YouTube could have serious repercussions for you later. As many careers paths, for instances careers within the Criminal Justice System, are now searching through peoples Facebook pages and looking at who they are connecting with, what they are doing during their social time, what they are commenting on and how they are commenting and other various reasons that could halt a person’s progress for a certain career path. These agencies are requesting new recruits or candidates to sign waivers for the agency to have the right and privilege to search for information that could ultimately remove them as a candidate as mentioned by Kevin Johnston form USA Today. Yes, one could try to erase and delete some of their traces but unfortunately these data doubles will still up digital until we have found a way to which we use a new system to retrieve information, which makes the old system almost impossible to read, an example of this is finding devices that can still read floppy disk drives.

CEO caught kicking dog in elevator resigns from his job. (2014, September 2). CTV News Vancouver. Retrieved on December 2 from http://bc.ctvnews.ca/ceo-caught-kicking-dog-in-elevator-resigns-from-his-job-1.1987003

Global News. (August 26, 2014). Elevator video shows man abusing dog. [Video file]. Retrieved December 2 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oBU35daKYkw

Johnson, Kevin. (December 11, 2010). Police recruits screened for digital dirt on Facebook, etc. USA Today. Retrieved on December 2 from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/tech/news/2010-11-12-1Afacebookcops12_ST_N.htm

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A Weberian Perspective of the Reform of the YOA to the YCJA

In Canadian history, we have gone through three different acts that have affected the youth in our nation. There has been the Juvenile Delinquent Act from 1908 to 1981, the Young Offenders Act from 1981 to 2003 and to the most current act, the Youth Criminal Justice Act which started in 2003. Though, without a doubt, the most significant reform was the transformation between the Young Offenders Act (YOA) and the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA).

On February 1981 the YOA bill was introduced and on April 1, 1984 the YOA was officially enacted. This bill coincidently was “passed the same year as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms”(Davis-Barron pg 57), which then allowed for the YOA to follow the Charter. This act came with a heavily detailed outline with steps and roles from the arrests of the youth to the transferring into adult custody. This act gave more legal rights to the youths and allowed for them to be tried fairly and not judged quickly for their actions. Though one of the most significant changes that the YOA made was banning the publication of the youths name, or any information that could lead to their identification, to protect the safety of the youth or negatively labelling of the youth to which could lead to more negative consequences. However, the YOA was not always perfect as this act lead to very high incarceration rates. Due to these many imperfections of the YOA, new bills were being introduced.

In 2000, Bill C-7 was introduced and passed, though it took a merely three years for this new act to be in effect. On April 1, 2003 the Youth Criminal Justice Act was fully enacted. How the YCJA is truly remarkable is that it improved on the JDA and more importantly the YOA, as it took the most important factors of the previous two acts and expanded to them. One main highlight from the YCJA is that it looks into alternative measures and ways to divert youth from custody sentences.

In regards to Weber’s legal theories, the reform from the YOA to the YCJA can be connected or relate to his theory in one way or another. One way that Weber would apply his theory is through his beliefs of “a growing tendency towards rational-legal authority”(Pavlich 2011:107). This means that there is a product after the legal process is complete, for example a policing agency. Though how a police officer would act around a youth who appears to be performing an illegal activity, can strictly correlate to how the youth views the police officers power as on enforcer. If a youth does end up proceeding through a court system route, the YCJA helps prevent the youth from being victimized from any sorts of identification from the public and choosing a form of ‘punishment’ to which best sorts the youths needs in order to be directed to a better lifestyle. With the rules that the YCJA set out, the legal authorities that are “empowered to exercise”(Pavlich 2011: 107) them, all share the same knowledge for the best outcome of any particular youth.

Weber’s theory can also be directed through power by a means of social action. For Weber, “law is a power” (Pavlich 2011:114), this power ultimately is a specialized trained group of individuals who can go and enforce the set out order or law, as mentioned in Pavlich (2011:114). In regards to the reform of the YOA to the YCJA, it has trained people to better enforce the policies that this act has placed to ensure the safety of the public and the law breaking youths. These rules that have been placed by the YCJA are there to ensure consistency and fairness to all that it affects. From Weber’s perspective, the YCJA would have a more social action approach to how it handles youth and how the enforcers of the act, such as the police, should handle these youths. The YCJA provides many different options for these trouble making youths to be diverted instead of receiving a custody sentence, for instance a community service sentencing.

References

Davis-Barron, Sherri. (2009). Canadian youth & the criminal law: one hundred years of the youth justice legislation in Canada. Markham, Ontario: LexisNexis. ISBN: 9780433452003.

Pavlich, George (2011). Law & Society Redefined. New York: Oxford University Press.

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